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Niger covers a land area of almost 1,270,000 km2, making it the largest country in West Africa. Over 80% of its land area lies in the Sahara Desert. The country's predominantly Islamic Population of about 21 million mostly clusters in the far south and west of the country. The capital city is Niamey, located in Niger’s southwest corner.

Languages: French (official), Arabic, Hausa, Songhai

Ethnic Groups: Haoussa 55.4%, Djerma Sonrai 21%, Tuareg 9.3%, Peuhl 8.5%, Kanouri Manga 4.7%, other 1.2%

Belief Systems: Muslim 80%, other (includes indigenous beliefs and Christian) 20%


17.9 million people (World Rank: 61st) (2014 estimate)
Population Density: 36.5 people/mi^2 (People per Square Mile) (World Rank: 217th) (2014 estimate)
Population Growth: 3.58 %/yr (World Rank: 2nd) (2013 estimate)
Life Expectancy: 58.4 years (World Rank: 205th) (2013 estimate)
Median Age: 15.1 years (World Rank: 198th) (2010 estimate)

Sites for More Information:

Map of Niger

Country Profile for Niger
United Nations


Current News in Niger

Niger - Facts and Information 1
United Nations Economic Commision
for Africa African Information Society Initiative

Niger - Facts and Information 2

Niger - Facts and Information 3
World Factbook

Culture and Tourism:

Traveling to Niger 1

Traveling to Niger 2

Events in Niger

Travel Guide for Niger

Language Resources:

Learn French Online

Learn French Online 2

French language, alphabet, and pronunciation

French Language Games

Government Related:

Embassy of Niger
in Washington D.C.

Government Websites of Niger
by Gunnar Anzinger

Local Weather Conditions

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