mongolia Head mongolia FLAG

Mongolia, a nation bordered by China and Russia, is known for vast, rugged expanses and nomadic culture. Its capital, Ulaanbaatar, centers around Chinggis Khaan (Genghis Khan) Square, named for the notorious founder of the 13th- and 14th-century Mongol Empire. Also in Ulaanbaatar are the National Museum of Mongolia, displaying historic and ethnographic artifacts, and the restored 1830 Gandantegchinlen Monastery.

Languages: Khalkha Mongol 90%, Turkic, Russian

Ethnic Groups: Mongol (mostly Khalkha) 94.9%, Turkic (mostly Kazakh) 5%, other (including Chinese and Russian) 0.1%

Belief Systems: Buddhist Lamaist 50%, Shamanist and Christian 6%, Muslim 4%, none 40%


Population: 2.93 million people (World Rank: 139th) (2014 estimate)
Population Density: 4.89 people/mi^2 (People per Square Mile) (World Rank: 240th) (2014 estimate)
Population Growth: 1.54 %/yr (World Rank: 82nd) (2013 estimate)
Life Expectancy: 67.5 years (World Rank: 169th) (2013 estimate)
Median Age: 25.7 years (World Rank: 107th) (2010 estimate)

Sites for More Information:

Map of Mongolia

Country Profile for Mongolia
United Nations

Mongolia - Country Profile
U.S. Library of Congress


Mongolia - Facts and Information 1

Mongolia - Facts and Information 2
World Factbook

Culture and Tourism:

Traveling to Mongolia 1

Travel Guide for Mongolia

Language Resources:

Mongolian alphabets, pronunciation and language

Government Related:

Embassy of Mongolia
in Washington D.C.

Government Websites of Mongolia
by Gunnar Anzinger

Local Weather Conditions

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