mauritania Head mauritania FLAG

officially the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, is a country in the Maghreb region of western Africa.It is the eleventh largest country in Africa and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Western Sahara in the north, Algeria in the northeast, Mali in the east and southeast, and Senegal in the southwest.The country derives its name from the ancient Berber kingdom of Mauretania, which existed from the 3rd century BC to the 7th century in the far north of modern-day Morocco and Algeria. Approximately 90% of Mauritania's land is within the Sahara; consequently, the Population is concentrated in the south, where precipitation is slightly higher.

Languages: Arabic (official and national), Pulaar, Soninke, Wolof (all national languages), French, Hassaniya

Ethnic Groups: mixed Moor/black 40%, Moor 30%, black 30%

Belief Systems: Muslim 100%


Population: 3.79 million people (World Rank: 128th) (2014 estimate)
Population Density: 9.51 people/mi^2 (People per Square Mile) (World Rank: 233rd) (2014 estimate)
Population Growth: 2.25 %/yr (World Rank: 44th) (2013 estimate)
Life Expectancy: 61.5 years (World Rank: 195th) (2013 estimate)
Median Age: 19.5 years (World Rank: 154th) (2010 estimate)

Sites for More Information:

Map of Mauritania

Country Profile for Mauritania
United Nations

Mauritania - Country Profile
U.S. Library of Congress


Current News in Mauritania

Mauritania - Facts and Information 1
United Nations

Mauritania - Facts and Information 2

Mauritania - Facts and Information 3
World Factbook

Culture and Tourism:

Traveling to Mauritania 2

Travel Guide for Mauritania

Language Resources:

Arabic alphabet, pronunciation and language

Learn Arabic Online

Government Related:

Embassy of Mauritania
in Washington D.C.

Government Websites of Mauritania
by Gunnar Anzinger

Local Weather Conditions

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