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Lithuania is a country and the southernmost of Europe’s Baltic states, a former Soviet bloc nation bordering Poland, Latvia and Belarus. Its capital, Vilnius, near the Belarus border, is known for its medieval Old Town. It also has Gothic, Renaissance and baroque architecture, and 18th-century cathedral built on a pagan temple site. Hilltop Gediminas' Tower, a symbol of the city and the nation, offers sweeping views.

Languages: Lithuanian (official) 82%, Russian 8%, Polish 5.6%, other and unspecified 4.4%

Ethnic Groups: Lithuanian 84%, Polish 6.6%, Russian 5.9%, Belarusian 1.2%, other or unspecified 2.3%

Belief Systems: Roman Catholic 79%, Russian Orthodox 4.1%, Protestant (including Lutheran and Evangelical Christian Baptist) 1.9%, other or unspecified 5.5%, none 9.5%


Population: 3.26 million people (World Rank: 134th) (2014 estimate)
Population Density: 135 people/mi^2 (People per Square Mile) (World Rank: 157th) (2014 estimate)
Population Growth: -0.429 %/yr (World Rank: 232nd) (2013 estimate)
Life Expectancy: 72.1 years (World Rank: 138th) (2013 estimate)
Median Age: 38.7 years (World Rank: 32nd) (2010 estimate)

Sites for More Information:

Map of Lithuania

Country Profile for Lithuania
United Nations

Lithuania - Country Profile
U.S. Library of Congress

Lithuania - General Information

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Travel Info for Lithuania

More Travel Info for Lithuania

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Language Resources:

Learn the language of Lithuania

Government Related:

Lithuanian Embassy
in Washington D.C.

Lithuanian Government Web Sites
by Gunnar Anzinger

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