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Ethiopia, in the Horn of Africa, is a rugged, landlocked country split by the Great Rift Valley. With archaeological finds dating back more than 3 million years, it’s a place of ancient culture. Among its important sites are Lalibela with its rock-cut Christian churches from the 12th–13th centuries. Aksum is the ruins of an ancient city with obelisks, tombs, castles and Our Lady Mary of Zion church.

Languages: Amharic 29.30%, Oromo language 33.80%, Somali 6.25%, Tigrinya 5.86%, Sidamo 4.84%, Wolaytta 2.21%, Gurage 2.01%, Afar 1.74%

Ethnic Groups: Oromo 35%, Amhara 27%, Tigray 6.1%, Somali 6.1%, Shankella 6%, Afar 4%, Gurage 2%,

Belief Systems: Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity 43.5%, Islam (Predominately Sunni) 33.9%, Protestant Christianity (P'ent'ay or Pente) 18.6%, Waaq Worship and Other Indigenous Beliefs 2.6%, Roman Catholic Christianity 0.7%, Judaism, Baha'i Faith, and Other Beliefs 0.7%


Population: 90.2 million people (World Rank: 14th) (2014 estimate)
Population Density: 209 people/mi^2 (People per Square Mile) (World Rank: 128th) (2014 estimate)
Population Growth: 2.1 %/yr (World Rank: 54th) (2013 estimate)
Life Expectancy: 63.6 years (World Rank: 185th) (2013 estimate)
Median Age: 17.5 years (World Rank: 182nd) (2010 estimate)

Sites for More Information:

Map of Ethiopia

Country Profile for Ethiopia
Unitied Nations

Current News About Ethiopia

United Nations

Ethiopia Country Profile
U.S. Library of Congress

Ethiopia - Facts and Information 3


Traveling to Ethiopia

Language Resources:

Learn Amharic

Study in Ethiopia

Government Related:

Ethiopian Embassy
in Washington D.C.

Ethiopia Government Web Sites
by Gunnar Anzinger

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