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Egypt, a country linking northeast Africa with the Middle East, dates to the time of the pharaohs. Millennia-old monuments sit along the fertile Nile River Valley, including Giza's colossal Pyramids and Great Sphinx as well as Luxor's hieroglyph-lined Karnak Temple and Valley of the Kings tombs. The capital, Cairo, is home to Ottoman landmarks like Muhammad Ali Mosque and the Egyptian Museum, a trove of antiquities.

Languages: Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes

Ethnic Groups: Berbers 0.4%, Europeans 0.4%, Arabs 99%

Belief Systems: Islam 90%, Christianity 10%


Population: 86.8 million people (World Rank: 15th) (2014 estimate)
Population Density: 226 people/mi^2 (People per Square Mile) (World Rank: 122nd) (2014 estimate)
Population Growth: 1.69 %/yr (World Rank: 73rd) (2013 estimate)
Life Expectancy: 71.2 years (World Rank: 144th) (2013 estimate)
Median Age: 24.4 years (World Rank: 117th) (2010 estimate)

Sites for More Information:

Map of Egypt

Country Profile for Egypt
Unitied Nations

Egypt - Country Profile
U.S. Library of Congress


Egypt - General Information

The Great Pyramids in Egypt

The Nile River
The 4,000 Mile River

Travel Info for Egypt

Language Resources:

Learn Arabic

Government Related:

Egyptian Embassy
in Washington D.C.

Egyptian Government Web Sites
by Gunnar Anzinger

Local Weather Conditions

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