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Chad has several regions: a desert zone in the north, an arid Sahelian belt in the centre and a more fertile Sudanian Savanna zone in the south. Lake Chad, after which the country is named, is the largest wetland in Chad and the second-largest in Africa. The capital N'Djamena is the largest city. Chad's official languages are Arabic and French. Chad is home to over 200 different ethnic and linguistic groups.

Languages: French (official), Arabic (official), Sara (in south)

Ethnic Groups: Sara 28%, Arab 12%, Daza 11%, Mayo-Kebbi 10% Kanem-Bornou 9%, Ouaddaï 9%, Hadjarai 7%, Tandjilé 7%, Fitri-Batha 5%, other groups 2%

Belief Systems: Islam 53.1%, Catholics 20.1%, Protestants 14.2%, Animists 7.3%, Atheists (3.1%), others/unknown 2.2%


Population: 12.5 million people (World Rank: 73rd) (2014 estimate)
Population Density: 25.6 people/mi^2 (People per Square Mile) (World Rank: 221st) (2014 estimate)
Population Growth: 2.63 %/yr (World Rank: 28th) (2013 estimate)
Life Expectancy: 51.2 years (World Rank: 223rd) (2013 estimate)
Median Age: 15.5 years (World Rank: 196th) (2010 estimate)

Sites for More Information:

Map of Chad

Country Profile for Chad
United Nations


Chad - Country Profile
US Library of Congress

Chad - General Information

Culture and Tourism:

Tourism Chad
All about Chad as a tourism destination

Chad Travel Warning
Cautions when traveling to Chad

Lake Chad
Large shallow lake in Chad

Grand Marche
Central Market in Chad

Central Mosque in N'Djamena
Large mosque located in N'Djamena

Chad Language Resources:

Learn French
Online resource for learning French

Learn Chadian Arabic
Online resource for learning Chadian Arabic

Government Related:

Chadian Embassy
in Washington D.C.

Chad Government Websites
by Gunnar Anzinger

Local Weather Conditions

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