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Armenia is a nation, and former Soviet republic, in the mountainous Caucasus region between Asia and Europe. Among the earliest Christian civilizations, it’s defined by religious sites including the Greco-Roman Temple of Garni and 4th-century Etchmiadzin Cathedral, headquarters of the Armenian Church. Khor Virap Monastery is a pilgrimage site near Mount Ararat, a dormant volcano just across the border in Turkey.

Languages:The official language of Armenia is Armenian, which is a member of the Indo-European language family. Armenian is spoken by the majority of the population of Armenia, and it is used in government, education, and the media. In addition to Armenian, many people in Armenia also speak Russian, as it is widely taught in schools and is often used as a second language in business and government. Finally, English is also spoken by some people in Armenia, particularly in urban areas and among the younger generation.

Ethnic Groups: Armenian 98.1%, Yezidi (Kurd) 1.1%, other 0.7% (2011 est.)

Belief Systems: Armenian Apostolic 92.6%, Evangelical 1%, other 2.4%, none 1.1%, unspecified 2.9% (2011 est.)


3.13 million people (World Rank: 136th) (2014 estimate)
Population Density: 287 people/mi^2 (People per Square Mile) (World Rank: 105th) (2014 estimate)
Population Growth: 0.281 %/yr (World Rank: 186th) (2013 estimate)
Life Expectancy: 74.6 years (World Rank: 104th) (2013 estimate)
Median Age: 31.6 years (World Rank: 68th) (2010 estimate)

Sites for More Information:

Map of Armenia

World Factbook


Armenia - Country Profile
U.S. Library of Congress

Armenia - General Information

Culture and Tourism:

Tourism Armenia

Monastery of Gehard
Armenian Architecture

Traditional Musical Instruments of Armenia

Armenian recipes

Armenian Language Resources:

Learn Armenian

Government Related:

Armenian Embassy
 in Washington D.C.

Armenian Government Websites
by Gunnar Anzinger

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