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Afghanistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia. The country has a Population of 35 million, making it the 42nd most populous country in the world.

Languages: The major languages spoken in Afghanistan are Pashto and Dari. Pashto is spoken by the Pashtun ethnic group, which makes up the largest ethnic group in the country. Dari, also known as Afghan Persian, is spoken by the Tajik, Hazara, and other smaller ethnic groups in the country.

Ethnic Groups: Afghanistan is a diverse and multi-ethnic country. The major cultural groups in Afghanistan include: 1. Pashtun: The largest ethnic group in Afghanistan, comprising around 42% of the population. The Pashtuns are primarily concentrated in the south and east of the country. 2. Tajik: The second largest ethnic group in Afghanistan, comprising around 27% of the population. The Tajiks are primarily concentrated in the north and west of the country. 3. Hazara: The third largest ethnic group in Afghanistan, comprising around 9% of the population. The Hazaras are primarily concentrated in the central highlands of the country. 4. Uzbek: Comprising around 9% of the population, the Uzbeks are concentrated in the north of the country. 5.Turkmen: Comprising around 3% of the population, the Turkmen are concentrated in the north of the country. Other minority groups in Afghanistan include the Aimaq, Baloch, Nuristani, and smaller numbers of Arab, Brahui, and Qizilbash.

Belief Systems: Islam (Sunni: majority and Shiite: minority)


Population: 35.6 million people (World Rank: 38th) (2014 estimate)
Population Density: 141 people/mi^2 (People per Square Mile) (World Rank: 156th) (2014 estimate)
Population Growth: 3.3 %/yr (World Rank: 4th) (2013 estimate)
Life Expectancy: 60.9 years (World Rank: 198th) (2013 estimate)
Median Age: 15.6 years (World Rank: 195th) (2010 estimate)

Sites for More Information:

Map of Afghanistan


US Library of Congress

Afghanistan - General Information

Culture and Tourism:

Travel Info for Afghanistan

Festivals in Afghanistan
Traditional, national, and religious festivals in Afghanistan

Afghanistan Culture
History, culture, and customs of Afghanistan

Traditional Musical Instruments
Voices of Afghanistan

Afghan recipes and food

Pashto Language Resources:

Learn Pashto
Free lessons on learning Pashto

Learn Dari
Free lessons on learning Dari

Embassy of Afghanistan in Washington D.C.

Local Weather Conditions

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