What is now northern Sudan was in ancient times the Kingdom of Nubia, which ruled Egypt in the early years. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest. It is the third largest country in Africa. The River Nile divides the country into eastern and western halves.
Languages: Arabic (official), English (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, Sudanic languages
Ethnic Groups: Sudanese Arab (approximately 70%), Fur, Beja, Nuba, Fallata
Belief Systems: Sunni Muslim 70% (in north), Christian 5% (mostly in south and Khartoum), indigenous beliefs 25%
Population: 47.9 million people (World Rank: 29th) (2014 estimate)
Population Density: 69.4 people/mi^2 (People per Square Mile) (World Rank: 190th) (2014 estimate)
Population Growth: 2.41 %/yr (World Rank: 38th) (2013 estimate)
Life Expectancy: 62.1 years (World Rank: 192nd) (2013 estimate)
Median Age: 18.7 years (World Rank: 166th) (2010 estimate)
Sites for More Information:
Map of Sudan
Current News About Sudan
Columbia Encyclopedia Entry for Sudan
in Washington D.C.
Sudan Government Web Sites
Directory of government Web sites and other links
by Gunnar Anzinger.
Traveling to Sudan
Comprehensive travel information from africaguide.com