Honduras was home to several important Mesoamerican cultures, most notably the Maya, before the Spanish invaded in the sixteenth century. The Spanish introduced Roman Catholicism and the now predominant Spanish language, along with numerous customs that have blended with the indigenous culture. Honduras became independent in 1821 and has since been a republic, although it has consistently endured much social strife and political instability, and remains one of the poorest countries in the Western Hemisphere.
Languages: Spanish, indigenous languages, English
Ethnic Groups: mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1%
Belief Systems: Roman Catholic 97%, Protestant 3%
Population: 8.23 million people (World Rank: 95th) (2014 estimate)
Population Density: 191 people/mi^2 (People per Square Mile) (World Rank: 137th) (2014 estimate)
Population Growth: 2.02 %/yr (World Rank: 58th) (2013 estimate)
Life Expectancy: 73.8 years (World Rank: 120th) (2013 estimate)
Median Age: 20.9 years (World Rank: 144th) (2010 estimate)
Sites for More Information:
Map of Honduras
Cartographic Division of the United Nations
Travel Info for Honduras
in Washington D.C.
Honduran Government Web Sites
Directory of government Web sites and other links by Gunnar Anzinger