Taiwan is a small island nation 180km east of China with modern cities, traditional Chinese temples, hot springs resorts and dramatic mountainous terrain. Taipei, the country’s capital in the north, is known for its busy night markets, Chinese Imperial art at the National Palace Museum and Taipei 101, a 509m-tall, bamboo-shaped skyscraper with an observation deck.
Languages: Mandarin Chinese (official), Min Nan Chinese (Taiwanese), Hakka
Ethnic Groups: Taiwanese (including Hakka) 84%, mainland Chinese 14%, indigenous 2%
Belief Systems: mixture of Buddhist and Taoist 93%, Christian 4.5%, other 2.5%
Population: 23.4 million people (World Rank: 52nd) (2014 estimate)
Population Density: 1875 people/mi^2 (People per Square Mile) (World Rank: 16th) (2014 estimate)
Population Growth: 0.358 %/yr (World Rank: 175th) (2008 estimate)
Life Expectancy: 78 years (World Rank: 60th) (2009 estimate)
Sites for More Information:
Map of Taiwan
Taiwanese Government Web Sites
Directory of government Web sites and other links
by Gunnar Anzinger.
Travel Info for Taiwan