Egypt, a country linking northeast Africa with the Middle East, dates to the time of the pharaohs. Millennia-old monuments sit along the fertile Nile River Valley, including Giza's colossal Pyramids and Great Sphinx as well as Luxor's hieroglyph-lined Karnak Temple and Valley of the Kings tombs. The capital, Cairo, is home to Ottoman landmarks like Muhammad Ali Mosque and the Egyptian Museum, a trove of antiquities.
Languages: Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes
Ethnic Groups: Berbers 0.4%, Europeans 0.4%, Arabs 99%
Belief Systems: Islam 90%, Christianity 10%
Population: 86.8 million people (World Rank: 15th) (2014 estimate)
Population Density: 226 people/mi^2 (People per Square Mile) (World Rank: 122nd) (2014 estimate)
Population Growth: 1.69 %/yr (World Rank: 73rd) (2013 estimate)
Life Expectancy: 71.2 years (World Rank: 144th) (2013 estimate)
Median Age: 24.4 years (World Rank: 117th) (2010 estimate)
Sites for More Information:
Map of Egypt
Cartographic Division of the United Nations
The Great Pyramids in Egypt
The Nile River
The 4,000 Mile River
Travel Info for Egypt
Study In Egypt
Egyptian Study Abroad Programs
Egyptian Government Web Sites
Directory of government Web sites and other links by Gunnar Anzinger.
in Washington D.C.