A World of Cultures

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São Tomé and Príncipe, an African island nation close to the equator, is part of a volcano chain featuring striking rock and coral formations, rainforests and beaches. On the larger island, São Tomé, is the Lagoa Azul lagoon. Ôbo Natural Park, a biodiverse jungle preserve, covers much of São Tomé and is distinguished by Pico Cão Grande, a skyscraperlike volcanic rock.

Languages: Portuguese

 

Ethnic Groups: mestico, angolares (descendants of Angolan slaves), forros (descendants of freed slaves), servicais (contract laborers from Angola, Mozambique, and Cabo Verde), tongas (children of servicais born on the islands), Europeans (primarily Portuguese)

 

Belief Systems: Catholic 70.3%, Evangelical 3.4%, New Apostolic 2%, Adventist 1.8%, other 3.1%, none 19.4%

 

Demographics:

 

Population: 178941 people (World Rank: 192nd) (2014 estimate)
Population Density: 481 people/mi^2 (People per Square Mile) (World Rank: 74th) (2014 estimate)
Population Growth: 2.04 %/yr (World Rank: 57th) (2013 estimate)
Life Expectancy: 66.3 years (World Rank: 176th) (2013 estimate)
Median Age: 19 years (World Rank: 160th) (2010 estimate)

Sites for More Information:

Map of São Tomé and Principe
Geology.com

World Factbook

Current News About São Tomé and Principe
from allAfrica.com

São Tomé and Principe - Facts and Information

Columbia Encyclopedia Entry for São Tomé and Principe
Quick Citation

São Tomé and Principe Embassy
in Washington D.C.

São Tomé and Principe Government Web Sites
Directory of government Web sites and other links
by Gunnar Anzinger.


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