Iran is an Islamic Republic on the Persian (Arabian) Gulf with historical sites dating to the Persian Empire. Extensive marble ruins mark Persepolis, the empire’s capital founded by Darius I in the 6th century B.C. The modern capital, Tehran, is home to opulent Golestan Palace, seat of the Qajar Dynasty (1794–1925), plus modern landmarks such as the 435m-high Milad Tower.
Languages: Persian and Persian dialects 58%, Turkic and Turkic dialects 26%, Kurdish 9%, Luri 2%, Balochi 1%, Arabic 1%, Turkish 1%, other 2%
Ethnic Groups: Persian 61%, Azeri 16%, Kurd 10%, Lur 6%, Baloch 2%, Arab 2%, Turkmen and Turkic tribes 2%, other 1%
Belief Systems: Shi'a Muslim 89%, Sunni Muslim 9%, Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian, and Baha'i 2%
Population: 77.2 million people (World Rank: 17th) (2014 estimate)
Population Density: 122 people/mi^2 (People per Square Mile) (World Rank: 165th) (2014 estimate)
Population Growth: 1.05 %/yr (World Rank: 121st) (2013 estimate)
Life Expectancy: 74 years (World Rank: 114th) (2013 estimate)
Median Age: 27 years (World Rank: 97th) (2010 estimate)
Sites for More Information:
Map of Iran
Cartographic Division of the United Nations
Travel Info for Iran
Iranian Interests Section
in Washington D.C.
Iranian Government Web Sites
Directory of government Web sites and other links by Gunnar Anzinger.