Iceland, a Nordic island nation, is defined by its dramatic landscape with volcanoes, geysers, hot springs and lava fields. Massive glaciers are protected in Vatnajökull and Snæfellsjökull national parks. Most of the Population lives in the capital, Reykjavik, which runs on geothermal power and is home to the National and Saga museums, tracing Iceland’s Viking history.
Languages: Icelandic, English, Nordic languages, German widely spoken
Ethnic Groups: homogeneous mixture of descendants of Norse and Celts 94%, Population of foreign origin 6%
Belief Systems: Lutheran Church of Iceland 85.5%, Reykjavik Free Church 2.1%, Roman Catholic Church 2%, Hafnarfjorour Free Church 1.5%, other Christian 2.7%, other or unspecified 3.8%, unaffiliated 2.4%
Population: 335631 people (World Rank: 181st) (2014 estimate)
Population Density: 8.67 people/mi^2 (People per Square Mile) (World Rank: 235th) (2014 estimate)
Population Growth: 1.13 %/yr (World Rank: 116th) (2013 estimate)
Life Expectancy: 82.1 years (World Rank: 9th) (2013 estimate)
Median Age: 34.9 years (World Rank: 55th) (2010 estimate)
Sites for More Information:
Map of Iceland
University of Texas Library
Travel Info for Iceland
in Washington D.C.
Icelandic Government Web Sites
Directory of government Web sites and other links by Gunnar Anzinger