Guatemala, a Central American country south of Mexico, is home to volcanoes, rainforests and ancient Mayan sites. The capital, Guatemala City, features the stately National Palace of Culture and the National Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology. Antigua, west of the capital, contains preserved Spanish colonial buildings. Lake Atitlán, formed in a massive volcanic crater, is surrounded by coffee fields and villages.
Languages: Spanish 60%, Amerindian languages 40% (23 officially recognized Amerindian languages, including Quiche, Cakchiquel, Kekchi, Mam, Garifuna, and Xinca)
Ethnic Groups: Mestizo (mixed Amerindian-Spanish - in local Spanish called Ladino) and European 59.4%, K'iche 9.1%, Kaqchikel 8.4%, Mam 7.9%, Q'eqchi 6.3%, other Mayan 8.6%, indigenous non-Mayan 0.2%, other 0.1%
Belief Systems: Roman Catholic, Protestant, indigenous Mayan beliefs
Population: 15.9 million people (World Rank: 67th) (2014 estimate)
Population Density: 385 people/mi^2 (People per Square Mile) (World Rank: 84th) (2014 estimate)
Population Growth: 2.58 %/yr (World Rank: 31st) (2013 estimate)
Life Expectancy: 72.1 years (World Rank: 139th) (2013 estimate)
Median Age: 18.8 years (World Rank: 163rd) (2010 estimate)
Sites for More Information:
Map of Guatemala
Cartographic Division of the United Nations
Travel Info for Guatemala
in Washington D.C.
Guatemalan Government Web Sites
Directory of government Web sites and other links by Gunnar Anzinger