Finland is a Northern European nation bordering Sweden, Norway and Russia. Its capital, Helsinki, occupies a peninsula and surrounding islands in the Baltic Sea. Helsinki is home to the 18th-century sea fortress Suomenlinna, the fashionable Design District and diverse museums. The Northern Lights can be seen from the country's Arctic Lapland province, a vast wilderness with national parks and ski resorts.
Languages: Finnish 91.2% (official), Swedish 5.5% (official), other 3.3% (small Sami- and Russian-speaking minorities)
Ethnic Groups: Finn 93.4%, Swede 5.6%, Russian 0.5%, Estonian 0.3%, Roma (Gypsy) 0.1%, Sami 0.1%
Belief Systems: Lutheran Church of Finland 82.5%, Orthodox Church 1.1%, other Christian 1.1%, other 0.1%, none 15.1%
Population: 5.43 million people (World Rank: 115th) (2014 estimate)
Population Density: 46.3 people/mi^2 (People per Square Mile) (World Rank: 204th) (2014 estimate)
Population Growth: 0.299 %/yr (World Rank: 184th) (2013 estimate)
Life Expectancy: 80.5 years (World Rank: 30th) (2013 estimate)
Median Age: 42 years (World Rank: 5th) (2010 estimate)
Sites for More Information:
Map of Finland
University of Texas Library
Travel Info for Finland
in Washington D.C.
Finnish Government Web Sites
Directory of government Web sites and other links by Gunnar Anzinger.