Ethiopia, in the Horn of Africa, is a rugged, landlocked country split by the Great Rift Valley. With archaeological finds dating back more than 3 million years, it’s a place of ancient culture. Among its important sites are Lalibela with its rock-cut Christian churches from the 12th–13th centuries. Aksum is the ruins of an ancient city with obelisks, tombs, castles and Our Lady Mary of Zion church.
Languages: Amharic 29.30%, Oromo language 33.80%, Somali 6.25%, Tigrinya 5.86%, Sidamo 4.84%, Wolaytta 2.21%, Gurage 2.01%, Afar 1.74%
Ethnic Groups: Oromo 35%, Amhara 27%, Tigray 6.1%, Somali 6.1%, Shankella 6%, Afar 4%, Gurage 2%,
Belief Systems: Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity 43.5%, Islam (Predominately Sunni) 33.9%, Protestant Christianity (P'ent'ay or Pente) 18.6%, Waaq Worship and Other Indigenous Beliefs 2.6%, Roman Catholic Christianity 0.7%, Judaism, Baha'i Faith, and Other Beliefs 0.7%
Population: 90.2 million people (World Rank: 14th) (2014 estimate)
Population Density: 209 people/mi^2 (People per Square Mile) (World Rank: 128th) (2014 estimate)
Population Growth: 2.1 %/yr (World Rank: 54th) (2013 estimate)
Life Expectancy: 63.6 years (World Rank: 185th) (2013 estimate)
Median Age: 17.5 years (World Rank: 182nd) (2010 estimate)
Sites for More Information:
Map of Ethiopia
Map from the Cartographic Division of the United Nations
Current News About Ethiopia
Traveling to Ethiopia
Comprehensive travel information from africaguide.com
in Washington D.C.
Ethiopia Government Web Sites
Directory of government Web sites and other links by Gunnar Anzinger.