A World of Cultures

ethiopia Head ethiopia FLAG

Ethiopia, in the Horn of Africa, is a rugged, landlocked country split by the Great Rift Valley. With archaeological finds dating back more than 3 million years, it’s a place of ancient culture. Among its important sites are Lalibela with its rock-cut Christian churches from the 12th–13th centuries. Aksum is the ruins of an ancient city with obelisks, tombs, castles and Our Lady Mary of Zion church.

Languages: Amharic 29.30%, Oromo language 33.80%, Somali 6.25%, Tigrinya 5.86%, Sidamo 4.84%, Wolaytta 2.21%, Gurage 2.01%, Afar 1.74%

Ethnic Groups: Oromo 35%, Amhara 27%, Tigray 6.1%, Somali 6.1%, Shankella 6%, Afar 4%, Gurage 2%,

Belief Systems: Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity 43.5%, Islam (Predominately Sunni) 33.9%, Protestant Christianity (P'ent'ay or Pente) 18.6%, Waaq Worship and Other Indigenous Beliefs 2.6%, Roman Catholic Christianity 0.7%, Judaism, Baha'i Faith, and Other Beliefs 0.7%


Population: 90.2 million people (World Rank: 14th) (2014 estimate)
Population Density: 209 people/mi^2 (People per Square Mile) (World Rank: 128th) (2014 estimate)
Population Growth: 2.1 %/yr (World Rank: 54th) (2013 estimate)
Life Expectancy: 63.6 years (World Rank: 185th) (2013 estimate)
Median Age: 17.5 years (World Rank: 182nd) (2010 estimate)

Sites for More Information:

Map of Ethiopia
Map from the Cartographic Division of the United Nations

United Nations Country Profile for Ethiopia

Current News About Ethiopia
from allAfrica.com

Ethiopia - Facts and Information 1
United Nations Economic Commission for Africa
African Information Society Initiative
Quick Citation

Ethiopia - Facts and Information 2
U.S. Library of Congress profile of Ethiopia
Quick Citation

Ethiopia - Facts and Information 3
Columbia Encyclopedia Entry for Ethiopia
Quick Citation

Traveling to Ethiopia
Comprehensive travel information from africaguide.com

Language Resources:

Learn Amharic

Study in Ethiopia

Goverment Related:

Ethiopian Embassy
in Washington D.C.

Ethiopia Government Web Sites
Directory of government Web sites and other links by Gunnar Anzinger.

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