A World of Cultures

estonia Head estonia FLAG

Estonia, a country in Northern Europe, borders the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland. Including more than 1,500 islands, its diverse terrain spans rocky beaches, old-growth forest and many lakes. Formerly part of the Soviet Union, it's dotted with castles, churches and hilltop fortresses. The capital, Tallinn, is known for its preserved Old Town, museums and the 314m-high Tallinn TV Tower, which has an observation deck.

Languages: Estonian 67.3%, Russian 29.7%

Ethnic Grousp: Estonian 69.7%, Russian 25.2%, Ukrainian 1.7%, Belarusian 0.9%, Finnish 0.6%, other Europeans 1.9%, Korean 0.01%, Chinese 0.01%, African 0.002%

Belief Systems: Non-religious/Atheist 54.14%, Eastern Orthodoxy 16.15%, Lutheranism 9.91%, other Christians 2%, other religions 1.25%, undeclared 16.55%


Population: 1.34 million people (World Rank: 156th) (2014 estimate)
Population Density: 81.7 people/mi^2 (People per Square Mile) (World Rank: 186th) (2014 estimate)
Population Growth: -0.0694 %/yr (World Rank: 221st) (2013 estimate)
Life Expectancy: 74.4 years (World Rank: 107th) (2013 estimate)
Median Age: 40.5 years (World Rank: 18th) (2010 estimate)

Sites for More Information:

Map of Estonia
Cartographic Division of the United Nations

United Nations Country Profile for Estonia

Estonia - Country Profile
U.S. Library of Congress profile of Estonia
Quick Citation

Estonia - General Information
Columbia Encyclopedia Entry for Estonia
Quick Citation

Travel Info for Estonia
from travelnotes.org

More Travel Info for Estonia
from The Lonely Planet

Language Resources:

Learn Russian, The Most Common Language In Estonia

Travel To Estonia

Goverment Related:

Estonian Embassy
in Washington D.C.

Estonian Government Web Sites
Directory of government Web sites and other links by Gunnar Anzinger.

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