A World of Cultures

eritrea Head eritrea FLAG

Eritrea is a northeast African country on the Red Sea coast. It shares borders with Ethiopia, Sudan and Djibouti. The capital city, Asmara, is known for its Italian colonial buildings, like St. Joseph's Cathedral, as well as art deco structures. Italian, Egyptian and Turkish architecture in Massawa reflect the port city's colorful history. Notable buildings here include St. Mariam Cathedral and the Imperial Palace.

Languages: Tigrinya (official), Arabic (official), English (official), Tigre, Kunama, Afar, other Cushitic languages

Ethnic Groups: Biher-Tigrinya 57%, Tigre 28%, Saho 4%, Afar 3%, Kunama 3%, Bilen 2%, Rashaida 2%

Belief Systems: Christianity 50%, Islam 48%, other 2%


Population: 5.91 million people (World Rank: 111th) (2014 estimate)
Population Density: 152 people/mi^2 (People per Square Mile) (World Rank: 153rd) (2014 estimate)
Population Growth: 3 %/yr (World Rank: 15th) (2013 estimate)
Life Expectancy: 62.9 years (World Rank: 190th) (2013 estimate)
Median Age: 18.3 years (World Rank: 173rd) (2010 estimate)

Sites for More Information:

Map of Eritrea
Map from the Cartographic Division of the United Nations

United Nations Country Profile for Eritrea

Current News About Eritrea
from allAfrica.com


Eritrea - Facts and Information 1
United Nations Economic Commision for Africa
African Information Society Initiative
Quick Citation

Eritrea - Facts and Information 2
Columbia Encyclopedia Entry for Eritrea
Quick Citation

Traveling to Eritrea
Comprehensive travel information from africaguide.com

Language Resources:

Learn Arabic
With Madinaharabic

Learn Tigrinya
Native Language of Eritrea

Goverment Related:

Eritrean Embassy
in Washington D.C.

Eritrea Government Web Sites
Directory of government Web sites and other links by Gunnar Anzinger.

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