Eritrea is a northeast African country on the Red Sea coast. It shares borders with Ethiopia, Sudan and Djibouti. The capital city, Asmara, is known for its Italian colonial buildings, like St. Joseph's Cathedral, as well as art deco structures. Italian, Egyptian and Turkish architecture in Massawa reflect the port city's colorful history. Notable buildings here include St. Mariam Cathedral and the Imperial Palace.
Languages: Tigrinya (official), Arabic (official), English (official), Tigre, Kunama, Afar, other Cushitic languages
Ethnic Groups: Biher-Tigrinya 57%, Tigre 28%, Saho 4%, Afar 3%, Kunama 3%, Bilen 2%, Rashaida 2%
Belief Systems: Christianity 50%, Islam 48%, other 2%
Population: 5.91 million people (World Rank: 111th) (2014 estimate)
Population Density: 152 people/mi^2 (People per Square Mile) (World Rank: 153rd) (2014 estimate)
Population Growth: 3 %/yr (World Rank: 15th) (2013 estimate)
Life Expectancy: 62.9 years (World Rank: 190th) (2013 estimate)
Median Age: 18.3 years (World Rank: 173rd) (2010 estimate)
Sites for More Information:
Map of Eritrea
Map from the Cartographic Division of the United Nations
Current News About Eritrea
Traveling to Eritrea
Comprehensive travel information from africaguide.com
Native Language of Eritrea
in Washington D.C.
Eritrea Government Web Sites
Directory of government Web sites and other links by Gunnar Anzinger.