Bahrain, a nation comprising more than 30 islands in the Arabian Gulf, has been at the center of major trade routes since antiquity. In its modern capital, Manama, the acclaimed Bahrain National Museum showcases artifacts from the ancient Dilmun civilization that flourished in the region for millennia. The city's thriving Bab al-Bahrain bazaar offers wares ranging from colorful handwoven fabrics and spices to pearls.
Languages: Arabic (official), English, Farsi, Urdu
Ethnic Groups: Bahraini 46%, Asian 45.5%, other Arab 4.7%, African 1.6%, European 1%, other 1.2% (includes Gulf Co-operative country nationals, North and South Americans, and Oceanians) (2010 est.)
Belief Systems: Muslim 70.3%, Christian 14.5%, Hindu 9.8%, Buddhist 2.5%, Jewish 0.6%, folk religion <.1, unaffiliated 1.9%, other 0.2% (2010 est.)
Population:1.39 million people (World Rank: 154th) (2014 estimate)
Population Density:4734 people/mi^2 (People per Square Mile) (World Rank: 8th) (2014 estimate)
Population Growth: 1.31 %/yr (World Rank: 94th) (2013 estimate)
Life Expectancy: 76.6 years (World Rank: 74th) (2013 estimate)
Median Age: 30 years (World Rank: 74th) (2010 estimate)
Sites for More Information:
Map of Bahrain
Cartographic Division of the United Nations
in Washington D.C.
Bahraini Government Web Sites
Directory of government Web sites and other links by Gunnar Anzinger.